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Research into the health benefits of transit and active transportation

Wanner M, Gotschi T, Martin-Diener E, Kahlmeier S, Martin BW. Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review. Prev Med. 2012;42(5):493-502.

Mueller N, Rojas-Rueda D, Cole-Hunter T, et al. Health impact assessment of active transportation: a systematic review. Prev Med. 2015;76:103-114.

Halton Region Health Department, Active Transportation and Health in Halton. Oakville, Ontario, 2016.

Mueller N, et al. Health Impact Assessment of Active Transportation: A Systematic Review. Preventive Medicine 76, no. 0 (July 2015): 103–14. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.04.010.

Reynolds CCO, Winters M, Ries FJ, Gouge, B. (2010). Active transportation in urban areas: exploring health risks and benefits. National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health.

Sharma A, Madaan V, Petty F.D. Exercise for Mental Health, Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry. 2006; 8(2): 106. Retrieved from:

Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P., & St. Leger, L. (2005). Healthy nature, healthy people: ‘Contact with nature’ as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations. Health Promotion International, 21(1), 45–54, doi:10.1093/heapro/dai032

Mitchell, R. (2012). Is physical activity in natural environments better for mental health than physical activity in other environments? Social Science & Medicine, doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.012

Government of Canada. Mental Health: Coping with stress. 2008. Retrieved from:

Canadian Mental Health Association National. Stress. Toronto, Ontario, 2018. Retrieved from: